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Recommendations for the Preparation and Effec-tive Implementation of Local Climate Change Action Plans in Turkey
In recent years, due to climate change in cities, the severity and fre-quency of extreme air movements have increased and floods, land-slides, heat waves and droughts, severe storms and hoses, sudden and heavy rainfalls adversely affect the viability of cities. The first steps on a global scale began in 1992 with the adoption of the UNFCCC, and international efforts continued with the Kyoto Protocol drafted in 1997 and the Paris Agreement signed in 2015. Although responsi-bilities are assigned to countries within the scope of these agree-ments, the lack of guidance and guidance on combating climate change and adaptation actions at the local level has been identified as an important deficiency. However, for the first time under the Quito Declaration in HABITAT-III, which was held every 20 years and lastly held in 2016, countries made a commitment to local climate action plans (LCAP). Accordingly, countries need to make and implement LCAP. The aim of this study is to make proposals on legislation and policy space for effective preparation, implementation and monitor-ing of local climate action plans in Turkey. Within the scope of the study, based on the international agreements, documents and reports on this subject, the current situation of the relevant policy documents, especially the primary legislation changes is evaluated. In addition, recommendations are developed by taking sectoral and local priori-ties into consideration for adaptation to climate change. While Tur-key combats global climate change with its national circumstances and capacities; National Communications, Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventory and Climate Change Strategy Plans can be strengthened by LCAP. In this study, it is proposed that legislation of the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization, Metropolitan Municipalities, Munic-ipalities and Special Provincial Administrations should be revised according to effective preparation of LCAP. In addition, sectoral measures for adaptation and mitigation to climate change are identi-fied. Finally, recommendations are developed for the revising the Coordination Committee for Climate Change and Air Management in order to monitoring and evaluation of LCAP.

LCAP, Sustainable Cities, Paris Agreement

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