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Abstract


A Study on Agricultural, Animal Husbandry and Forestry Activities in Bartın on the Basis of Bartın Guide
Agriculture, animal husbandry and forestry activities carried out in Bartın, which is a district of Zonguldak in the first years of the republic, were examined within the scope of this article. The book “Bartın Guide”, published in 1927 and attracted the attention of researchers after a long time, was used as a source book. The information given in the agriculture, livestock and forestry sections of the book constituted the most basic data of the study. However, besides this source book, it has been tried to make use of the books and articles related to the subject as much as possible. Based on this information, it has been tried to analyze the current situation in the fields of agriculture, animal husbandry and forestry in Bartın geography, production quantities, statistical data, animal numbers, tree varieties, timber production of 1920s. Another aim of this research is to examine the situation of agriculture, animal husbandry and forestry sectors in early republican period of Turkey considering the example of Bartın. The Republic of Turkey tried to launch a major development initiative after the National Struggle. In this context, it headed for the fields of agriculture and animal husbandry; because at that time, more than 80% of the country’s population lived in the countryside. Agriculture and animal husbandry were among the primary sectors for the country’s development. Therefore, scientific studies were carried out in order to spread modern agriculture and animal husbandry methods in the country. Agriculture and animal husbandry, which were abandoned to their fate during the Ottoman period, were tried to be developed with new methods. With the establishment of Atatürk Forest Farm, an institution that would set an example for the whole country was created on how to make modern agriculture. This study aims to assess the early Republican period of Turkey’s situation in agriculture, animal husbandry and forestry sectors.

Keywords
Bartın Guide, Bartın, Atatürk Period, Agriculture, Stockbreeding, Forestry.


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