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Abstract


The Economic State of Ottoman Empire During the Period of Selim III and Taken Preventative Measures
In this study, it is aimed to study the economic state of Ottoman Empire during the period of Selim III. At Ottoman Empire, even if there were increasing governmental problems, it is seen that there were important changes and reforms of the state’s economic and military systems. In order to solve economic problems, as it employed by other Ottoman Sultans, various economic reform packages were employed by Selim III. Especially, Sultan’s major interest with some topics such as fleet placed some extra burdens on economy during the period that the state faced with some financial problems. There were two remarkable reforms employed to compete with the economic problems during that time. They werethe reforms named as Irad-i Cedid and Tersane-i Amire. Irad-ı Cedid aimed to get rid of Malikane system which damages the economic structure of the state and design manorial system. Moreover, Irad-i Cedid was also important for paying expenses of the army called Nizam-i Cedid. As if the fleeting system was important for Selim III, the second reform called Tersane-i Amire was employed for providing financial support for making fleet system stronger, paying salaries, fixing ships and building new ships.

Keywords
Selim III, Irad-i Cedid, Tersane-i Amire, economy, Ottoman economic reforms.


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