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Interaction between literatures and the main role of language in this context (Review on the interaction between Persian Turkish)
While societies constitute the basis of a culture in general, they can maintain its effect on both societies and individuals and ensure its continuity with the shared language characteristics and literature that finds its effect on other societies. The continuity of any culture and its transmission to other generations and nations is mostly done through language. Literary works, and in another sense, "literature" should be considered as transponders that transmit the cultural heritage of nations to the future and shed light on the past. As a result of this structure of literature, it is an inevitable fact that languages are mutually affected. Especially if the language of societies with two deep-rooted civilizations is in question, the dimensions of the interaction are suitable and appropriate for further research. In other words, literary works not only reflect the literary personality of the masters, but also compare the language features of the masters with the language features of other civilizations in terms of terminology and provide the interaction between languages. As the famous Russian literary critic, writer and philosopher Belinsky said, "literature is an element in which the spirit of a nation is reflected through language".(Belinsky, 2001 p.97) In this study, the mutual interaction of Turkish and Persian languages in the historical process is discussed. The contributions of Persian literature to Turkish literature are emphasized. explains the characteristics of interaction especially in divan literature using analytical research method.

Language, culture, literatüre, turkish, persian, divan literatüre

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