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Abstract


A Native Family in Mazandaran: Chelavis
After the fall of the Bavendids dominated in Mazandaran in 750/1349, Afrasiyab Chelavi became the new ruler at this region. At that period, Sayyid Qawam al-Din, the student of Sheikh Izz al-Din Savqandi, used to engage in pray in a tekke (Islamic monastery) in Amol. As Afrasiyab Chelavi became his disciple, the followers of Sayyid Qawam al-Din multiplied. Sayyid Qawam al-Din feeling encouraged by this state planned to have control over Mazandaran. Afrasiyab Chelavi realizing his plans imprisoned him. Afterward, he was afraid of Sayyid Qawam al-Din’s prophecies and released him. However, he lost his fight against Sayyid Qawam al-Din in 761/1359, and then died. In this fight, three children of Chelavi died also. Sayyid Qawam al-Din gained the control of Mazandaran and established Shiah Mar’ashi State. Iskandar Sheikh, the son of Afrasiyab Chelavi, was a young man at that time. He firstly took refuge in his relatives in Larijan, then Muzaffarids in Shiraz and finally Kerts in Herat. Iskandar Sheikh started to support Amir Temür, when the latter overthrew Kerts in 783/ 1381. Iskandar Sheikh provoked constantly Amir Temür against Mara’shids. Ultimately, Amir Temür overthrew Marashids in 794/1392 and gave its lands to Iskandar Sheikh. Yet, following Iskandar Sheikh’s insurrection in Firozkoh in 806/1404, Amir Temür ruled out him and gave back the lands to Marashids. Later on, Amir Temür eliminated Iskandar Sheikh and Chelavids.

Keywords
Mazandaran, Sayyid Qawam el-Din, Afrasiyab Chelavi, Amir Temür, Iskandar Sheikh.


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