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The Role of Entrepreneurship in Economic Growth and Development: Panel Data Analysis on Selected EU Countries (2001-2015)
Economic development in economy literature is among the topics that have attracted considerable interest in recent years. Entrepreneurship is of great importance for the concept of economic development, which includes social, political and cultural changes as well as growth. Entrepreneurship, which is the locomotive of growth and development, brings with it the process of social and cultural change. The entrepreneurship case emerges as a socio-economic concept and at this point there is a close relationship with the economic growth and development process. Entrepreneurship has positive effects on employment and prosperity increase in the process of economic growth of an country. Thanks to positive contributions, the economic development process is accelerating. This study aims to empirically investigate the role and effect of entrepreneurship on the economic development process. In the study, the effects of entrepreneurship on the economic development process are econometrically examined in the context of a new generation panel data analysis methodology that takes into consideration the horizontal section dependency of selected 15 EU countries using 2001-2015 period data. As a result of the implementation, the effects of entrepreneurship on economic development were found to be positive and statistically significant in the examination period. Besides, in the study, the result of a positive causality relation which works towards economic growth from entrepreneurship is reached. According to these results, entrepreneurship has an important influence on economic development and the development of entrepreneurship plays a key role in the development of the country.

Economic Development, Economic Growth, Entrepreneurship, Panel Data Analysis.

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