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Abstract


Arnold Toynbee’s Analysis of Western Civilization
Arnold Toynbee is one of the most important philosophers of history in the twentieth century, analyzes civilizations as formations of cyclical movement that go through the stages of birth, growth, decline and dissolution. Consequently, disappearance seems like the ultimate end of all civilizations. However, when it comes to Western civilization, Toynbee tries to find solutions to change this destiny with some arguments. First, he designates the spiritual dilemmas, essential deprivation and loss of values of Western society as a crisis. For him, it is not right to put all the responsibility for this crisis on Western civilization alone. The West, which is superior in every respects, has led other civilizations and led them in terms of technical, scientific and cultural progress. In this case, there are some tasks the other civilizations as well as the West. In the light of these thoughts, from Toynbee's point of view, it will be clarified why and how civilization or universal state, the one and common aim of mankind, will exist.

Keywords
West, Islam, civilization, crisis, religion, universal state.


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