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Abstract


Incomes of Mudarrises in Bursa according to a New Document
In the nineteenth century, madrasas lost their former significance against the Western-style schools that were opened within the framework of the modernization movements of the nineteenth century, the madrasas have long served as the cornerstone of the Ottoman education system. The most important element of the madrasas is mudarrises (professors) who are responsible for education and training. So much so that in terms of Ottoman education system and ilmiye organization (learned group), which student was educated by which mudarris, rather than who was educated in the madrasa. Mudarrises, who were so important in the Ottoman education system, received all kinds of financial and moral support. For this reason, some of the mudarrises were also supported with the aid given in kind in addition to their salaries for the living conditions. In this study, the aid given in kind and monetary payments made to Bursa's mudarrises will be examined by moving from a document that does not have a date on it but we think that it belongs to the nineteenth century. Although there is enough information in the archive documents about the fees that the mudarrises will receive in cash; it is not known exactly what the aid given in kind made to them are, except for some exceptions. So, the importance of this document increases, and it provides a significant contribution to the study of the aid given in kind and the cash revenues of the mudarrises.

Keywords
Ottoman, Bursa, madrasa, mudarris, income.


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