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Abstract


Overview of Köylü Newspaper to Political and Social Events in Crete Island (1909)
"The newspaperless nation is like a dull person", says the newspaper Köylü, in the idea life of Izmir and even our country has an important place. Newspaper Köylü started to be published in İzmir after the declaration of the Second Constitution and its publication life lasted for 14 years. Ismail Sıtkı Bey, who later became a judicial attorney, a proprietor of the newspaper. Mehmet Refet Bey is the director responsible for all the work of the newspaper. Today, the collection of the newspaper Köylü in the National Library of İzmir, unfortunately, does not have all the numbers. Since the first quarter of the nineteenth century, ongoing attempts by Greece to annex Crete have revealed the "Crete Issue" due to the opposition of the Ottoman State. This situation also caused the intervention of the European States. In 1909, when the newspaper Köylü began broadcasting, the political situation in Crete was kept uncertain and the negative conditions of the people of Islam on the island caused wide repercussions in Anatolia. This turbulent period continued until the island was officially given to Greece in 1913. In this study, by using the numbers of Köylü Newspaper in 1909, "The Crete Issue" was examined and the approach of the newspaper Köylü to this issue was revealed.

Keywords
Ottoman State, Crete Issue, Cretan Muslims, Izmir Press, Köylü Newspaper.


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