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Abstract


Economic Views of Mehmet Şerif Efendi, the First Domestic Economist
Modern economics began to be seen in the Ottoman state since the 1830s, and the intellectuals who expressed this thought emerged in time In the country, the people who first said this opinion were foreign citizens who reside in the country, then the non-Muslim citizens, especially Armenians living in the country, adopted this thought and expressed their views. Mehmet Şerif Efendi was the first economist to put forward ideas about economic issues among the Muslims living in the country. Şerif Efendi worked in the translation room and worked as a translator for the Taqwim-i Waqayi newspaper. Despite economic writing in the calendar Waqayi, the articles published in the newspaper were not found due to the unsigned entries of these newspapers. Şerif Efendi's writings were published in 1861 by Tarjuman-i Ahwal and in 1863 by MAjmua-i Funun, and he informed his readers about the credit system, banking and economics. He also participated in the development debates, which were important controversies of the period, and emphasized the importance of industrialization for the development of the state. The fact that the incentive to work in the country as the reason for the economic decline of the state is insufficient, demands that the people should act in private enterprise activities.

Keywords
Mehmet Şerif Efendi, Tarjuman-i Ahwal, economy, industrialization.


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