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Abstract


The Name Issue of Macedonia: Identity Formation under the Grip of Greek and Macedonian Nationalisms
Macedonia, with its ethnic diversity based on linguistic and religious differences, has always maintained its strategic importance. Since the declaration of independence in 1991 when it left the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the Republic of Macedonia, which is largely based on Vardar Macedonia, had a dispute with its neighbor Greece on the name of the country. This question, which was exacerbated by different nationalist approaches, was resolved on 17 June 2018 by the mediation of Western states that wanted to end the unrest in the Balkans. This study evaluated the Macedonian name question with reference to the typology of nationalism based on territorial and ethnic nationalisms and analyzed the historical background of this question and the negotiation process. In this respect, whether nationalism has a unifying force or a dissociative effect was examined. In this article, it was concluded that national identity and constitutional citizenship, which corresponds to a regional-geographical identity rather than a national identity preference based on the ethnic identity of the Slav-Christian Macedonian majority, which constitutes only 64 percent of the total population in Macedonia, is a prerequisite.

Keywords
Macedonia, Balkans, Greece, nationalism, ientity, Macedonian question.


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